Propiedades psicométricas de la escala de depresión geriátrica: revisión sistemática


  • Carmen Victoria Molina-Calle Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Andrés Alexis Ramírez-Coronel Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Isabel Cristina Mesa-Cano Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Hugo Patricio Alvarado Maldonado Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Pedro Carlos Martínez-Suárez Universidad Católica de Cuenca


Palabras clave:

psychometric properties, scale, geriatric depression


Depression is the most common mental disorder among older adults and one of the most disabling conditions worldwide.  General objective: To review the scientific evidence on the psychometric properties of the geriatric depression scale. Methodology: A documentary study of systematic literature review was carried out. Regarding the search strategies, we worked with the library of the Catholic University of Cuenca, the Scopus, Pubmed and Web of Science databases were used, from 2017 to 2021in English and Spanish language.  This allowed obtaining a total of 14 articles that were thoroughly analyzed. Main results: The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) has adequate, reliable, and valid psychometric properties to assess knowledge about geriatric depression, thus contributing for students, health profession, because it is a brief and easy to apply screening instrument, widely used in clinical and research to detect depressive symptoms in older adults that can provide a reliability of an adequate diagnosis. Conclusion: It is concluded that the GDS is a reliable instrument to apply in the older adult population.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Shiva S, Ajit B, Nagalakshmi R, Krishna P, Palanimuthu T, Mathew V. Geriatric Depression and Cognitive Impairment-An Update. Indian J Psychol Med [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 28];43(4):286–93. Available from:

Kazan J, Gebara M. Geriatric considerations for collaborative care for depression in rural populations. J Am Geriatr Soc [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 28]; Available from:

OMS. Depresión [Internet]. Reporte. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 28]. Available from:

Benedetti A, Wu Y, Levis B, Wilchesky M, Boruff J, et. al. Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an. BMJ Open [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 28];8(12). Available from:

ONU. Objetivo 3: Garantizar una vida sana y promover el bienestar para todos en todas las edades [Internet]. Agenda 2030 sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible. 2015 [cited 2021 Nov 25]. Available from:

Mehra A, Agarwal A, Bashar M, Grover S. Evaluation of Psychometric Properties of Hindi Versions of Geriatric Depression Scale and Patient Health Questionnaire in Older Adults. Indian J Psychol Med [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 28];43(4):319–24. Available from:

Lafont C, Chah Wakilian A, Lemogne C, Gouraud C, Fossey-Diaz V, Orvoen G, et al. Diagnostic Performance of the 4-Item Geriatric Depression Scale for Depression Screening in Older Patients with Cancer: The ELCAPA Cohort Study. Oncologist [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 28];26(6):e983–91. Available from:

Krishnamoorthy Y, Rajaa S, Rehman T. Diagnostic Accuracy of Various forms of Geriatric Depression Scale for Screening of Depression among Older Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Arch Gerontol Geriatr [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Nov 28];87:104002. Available from:

Bravo R. La declaración PRISMA 2020: una guía actualizada para la publicación de revisiones sistemáticas. PLOS Med [Internet]. 2020;1–22. Available from:

Cobos A, Augustovski F. Declaración CONSORT 2010: actualización de la lista de comprobación para informar ensayos clínicos aleatorizados de grupos paralelos. Med Clin (Barc). 2011 Jul;137(5):213–5.

Hallit S, Hallit R, Daher MC, Hachem D, Kheir N, Salameh P. An Arabic Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (30 Items): Psychometric Properties and Some Findings in a Lebanese Elderly Sample. Psychopathology [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 29];51(3):177–85. Available from:

Durmaz B, Pinar S, Hulya E, Ahmet T. Validity and Reliability of Geriatric Depression Scale - 15 (Short Form) in Turkish older adults. North Clin Istanbul [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2021 Nov 30]; Available from:

Gatti A, Gottschling J, Brugnera A, Adorni R, Zarbo C, Compare A, et al. An investigation of the psychometric properties of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS) in an Italian sample of community-dwelling older adults. Aging Ment Heal [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 29];22(9):1170–8. Available from:

Li Y, Lin C, Hu F, Shih S. Short versions of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) among widowed older people in Taiwan: Comparing their psychometric properties. Australas J Ageing [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2022 Jan 20];40(4):e294–300. Available from:

Nikmat A, Azhar Z, Shuib N, Hashim N. Psychometric properties of geriatric depression scale (Malay version) in elderly with cognitive impairment. Malaysian J Med Sci [Internet]. 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 30];28(3):97–104. Available from:

Gallardo L, Rodríguez C, Ayala A, Forjaz J. Multi-ethnic validation of 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale in Chile. Psicol Reflex e Crit [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Nov 30];33(1). Available from:

Lahiri A, Chakraborty A. Psychometric validation of geriatric depression scale - Short form among bengali-speaking elderly from a rural area of West Bengal: Application of item response theory. Indian J Public Health [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Nov 30];64(2):109–15. Available from:

Jokelainen J, Timonen M, Keinänen S, Härkönen P, Jurvelin H, Suija K. Validation of the Zung self-rating depression scale (SDS) in older adults. Scand J Prim Health Care [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2021 Nov 30];37(3):353–7. Available from:

Galeoto G, Sansoni J, Scuccimarri M, Bruni V, De Santis R, Colucci M, et al. A Psychometric Properties Evaluation of the Italian Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale. Depress Res Treat [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 30];2018. Available from:

Merkin A, Medvedev O, Sachdev P, Tippett L, Krishnamurthi R, Mahon S, et al. New avenue for the geriatric depression scale: Rasch transformation enhances reliability of assessment. J Affect Disord [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2021 Nov 30];264:7–14. Available from:

Johansson S, Lövheim H, Olofsson B, Gustafson Y, Niklasson J. A clinically feasible short version of the 15-item geriatric depression scale extracted using item response theory in a sample of adults aged 85 years and older. Aging Ment Health [Internet]. 2021; Available from:

Ramírez-Coronel A, Martínez-Suárez P, Pogyo-Morocho G, Estrella-González M, Mesa-Cano I, Minchala-Urgilés R, et al. Evaluación psicométrica e intervención de Enfermería frente al Miedo a COVID-19. Arch Venez Farmacol y Ter. 2020;39(5):660–6. Disponible en:

Torres-Criollo LM, Ramírez-Coronel AA, Martínez-Suárez PC, Romero-Sacoto LA, Mesa-Cano IC, González-León FM, et al. Clinical and para clinical variables predicting prognosis in patients with covid-19: Systematic review. Arch Venez Farmacol Ter 2020;39(5):667-671. Disponible en:

Ramírez-Coronel AA., Martínez-Suárez PC, Cabrera-Mejía JB, Buestán-Andrade PA, Torracchi-Carrasco E, Carpio MG. Social skills and aggressiveness in childhood and adolescence. Arch Venez Farmacol Ter 2020

Ramírez AA. Laterality and reader process: correlational study. Espirales. 2019;3(27), 105-117. Disponible en:

Cabrera-Mejía JB, Martínez-Suárez PC, Ramírez-Coronel AA, Montánchez-Torres ML, Torracchi-Carrasco E, Castro-Ochoa FL. Analysis of problem-based learning impact on academic performance according to the forgotten (Fuzzy) effects theory. Arch Venez Farmacol Ter 2020;39(5):651-659.

Andrade MC, Urgilés PT, Estrella MA. Information and communication technologies in the development of stochastic models applied to the health sector. Medicina 2020;80(1):31-38. Disponible en:

Ramírez-Coronel A, Martínez-Suárez PC, Mesa-Cano I, Minchala-Urgilés RE, Ramírez-Coronel M, Torres-Criollo L, et al. Reseña histórica de Michel Foucault (1926-1984): concepto de ciencia e incidencia en la Psicología. Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacología y Terapéutica 2020;39(6):740-743. Disponible en: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4406598



Cómo citar

Molina-Calle, C. V. ., Ramírez-Coronel, A. A. ., Mesa-Cano, I. C. ., Alvarado Maldonado, H. P. ., & Martínez-Suárez, P. C. . (2022). Propiedades psicométricas de la escala de depresión geriátrica: revisión sistemática. Pro Sciences: Revista De Producción, Ciencias E Investigación, 6(42), 251–262.




Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a

1 2 3 > >>