Entrenamiento en habilidades sociales en cuidadores informales de pacientes con dependencia alcohólica: Una revisión sistemática

Autores/as

  • Karina Monserrath Pérez Cárdenas Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Geovanny Genaro Reivan Ortiz Universidad Católica de Cuenca

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29018/issn.2588-1000vol6iss42.2022pp184-202

Palabras clave:

entrenamiento en habilidades sociales, cuidadores informales, dependencia alcohólica, psicoterapia

Resumen

El alcoholismo es considerado una principal dificultad que atraviesa la sociedad a nivel mundial, por tanto, los cuidadores informales necesitan desarrollar nuevos conocimientos para mejorar la atención y rehabilitación de pacientes con dependencia alcohólica. En la actualidad se usan diversas técnicas psicoterapéuticas como tratamiento de algunos trastornos psicológicos por lo cual, esta investigación pretende analizar la eficacia de la terapia de Entrenamiento en Habilidades Sociales en cuidadores informales de pacientes con dependencia alcohólica. Se realizó una búsqueda en la base de datos: PubMed, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Scopus y Lilacs para identificar artículos publicados en los últimos cinco años, la muestra final analizada estuvo conformada por 10 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados. Los resultados obtenidos favorecen a la evidencia empírica y a una correcta sociabilización en los cuidadores informales para que mencionada terapia sea utilizada por profesionales de la salud mental con el fin de mejorar la interacción entre cuidador y paciente favoreciendo la calidad de vida, disminución de la taza de recaídas y la necesidad de futuras intervenciones en pacientes con problemas de alcohol. 

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Publicado

2022-03-31

Cómo citar

Pérez Cárdenas, K. M. ., & Reivan Ortiz, G. G. . (2022). Entrenamiento en habilidades sociales en cuidadores informales de pacientes con dependencia alcohólica: Una revisión sistemática. Pro Sciences: Revista De Producción, Ciencias E Investigación, 6(42), 184–202. https://doi.org/10.29018/issn.2588-1000vol6iss42.2022pp184-202

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ARTÍCULO DE REVISIÓN