Mortality rate and risk factors in adolescent pregnancy systemic review

Autores/as

  • Erika Samanta Moreno Arias Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Susana Janeth Peña Cordero Universidad Católica de Cuenca
  • Isabel Cristina Mesa-Cano Universidad Católica de Cuenca

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29018/issn.2588-1000vol6iss42.2022pp291-300

Palabras clave:

pregnancy, adolescence, women, mortality, risks

Resumen

Teenage pregnancy has become a public health problem, with high percentages worldwide, which is why it is important to intervene to generate public policies that will help to reduce teenage pregnancy. Objective: To determine the mortality rate and risk factors in adolescent pregnancy through a literature review. Methodology: A systematic review based on PRISMA was carried out in different databases such as: Web          of Science, Scielo, Medline, Scopus, the key words were: Pregnancy, Adolescence, Women, Mortality, Risks and the languages searched were Spanish and English. Results:         Twelve articles were analyzed, and it was found that the highest prevalence percentage was 56% in Nepal, followed by a prevalence of 26.50% in Israel. Equal prevalence of 18% were found in Ecuador, and prevalence of 17% and 17.70% in Brazil. However, the lowest prevalence identified was 5.80% also in Ecuador for 2015. The main causes of death in pregnant adolescents were hypertensive disorders (28%), puerperal infection (16%), hemorrhage (12%), thromboembolism (12%) and abortion (10%). Conclusion: Increase intervention programs that help adolescents to be clear about contraceptive methods and family planning to reduce teenage pregnancy.

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Citas

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Publicado

2022-03-31

Cómo citar

Moreno Arias, E. S. ., Peña Cordero, S. J. ., & Mesa-Cano, I. C. . (2022). Mortality rate and risk factors in adolescent pregnancy systemic review. Pro Sciences: Revista De Producción, Ciencias E Investigación, 6(42), 291–300. https://doi.org/10.29018/issn.2588-1000vol6iss42.2022pp291-300

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